Friday, May 25, 2012

Shavuot Night Tikkun Not For Women Because…

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Shavuot Night Tikkun Not For Women Because…

The Women Didn’t Cause Any Damage in the First Place

By Rabbi Shmuel Eliyahu, Chief Rabbi of Tzfat (Safed)

Question: How binding is the custom to study all night on Shavout? Does the nocturnal learning apply to women as well?

Answer: The source for studying all night on Shavuot is the Zohar, which describes the great value of the custom.

All-night study in the Bet El Yeshiva

But I would like to focus on the angle of Tzfat. The entire establishment of the city of Tzfat stems from the recital of the Shavuot Tikkun (The Tikkun is selected passages from multiple Torah texts which are studied Shavuot night and formulate a kabbalistic “rectification”).  It began with Rabbi Yosef Karo who sat and studied in the Diaspora with Rabbi Shlomo Alkabetz (author of Lecha Dodi) on the night of Shavuot. In the course of reciting the Tikkun, they received a spiritual broadcast from heaven which declared that the exile of Israel from the Land was over, and they must make aliyah to Israel.

They indeed left their homes and moved to Tzfat, in the wake of which the great spiritual blossoming transpired there.

An alley in Tzfat

So, if the city of Tzfat was built from the recital of this all-night Tikkun, how can we not take part in it? If you will, the entire Zionist movement started from this Tikkun recited by Rabbi Yosef Karo, which led to mass aliyah (moving) to Israel, settlement of the Land, and only later the arrival of Herzl.

The explanation for the custom to study Torah all night on Shavuot stems from the fatigue which the men of Israel suffered from before the receiving of the Torah at Mount Sinai. They fell asleep, and Moshe had to rouse Israel to receive the Torah, instead of their waiting in anticipation. To correct this error, we stay awake this night to show our eagerness to receive the Torah.

But since the women were not a part of this transgression, the Tikkun (rectification) does not apply to them either.

Throughout the entire redemption process, the women did not fall spiritually as much as the men, and since they did not err in the first place, the rectification for them is not obligatory.


In fine, women certainly can study Torah on the night of Shavuot and should study, but the Tikkun in the sense of a process of amends does not apply to them, as they didn’t cause any damage from the outset.


Translated and edited by Baruch Gordon

[This Hebrew article originally appeared in the May 24, 2012 edition of BeSheva Magazine, a national weekly for the religious public]

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How One Israeli Changed His Mind About Judea and Samaria

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by Baruch Gordon

It happens all the time. I bring tourists and visitors to Yesha (Judea and Samaria) also known as the West Bank, and they look upon the blossoming Jewish towns with their jaws wide open: “We didn’t know there are actual towns here. We thought they were all temporary dwellings just to make a provocation,” they say.

In Bet El with tourists from China


And so too, Israeli paratrooper Yaniv Blumenfeld, 25, from Greater Tel Aviv recently wrote the following reflections after finishing  IDF reserve duty in the region. The article appeared in the Iyar 5772 edition of Yesha Shelanu.

Thoughts from My Reserve Duty in Yesha
by Yaniv Blumenfeld

Last week, I returned from my month-long stint of reserve duty in Yesha (Judea and Samaria), also known as the West Bank. It was my first time back in the region since my regular service in my late teens.



There is no doubt that the issues take on a different perspective after advancing five years into adulthood. I view the scenarios and situations with greater clarity and find myself reaching new conclusions.

Forget everything you are told about Judea and Samaria: the roadblocks, ruling another people, oppression, apartheid. It’s simply not the case.

I was confronted with a completely different reality, and here are my impressions.

For starters, every person is free to choose what events shock and appall him, in accordance with his morals, values and world outlook. Some people view an IDF patrol stopping a Palestinian for a security check as a moral crime. They are outraged to the depths of their souls.

IDF Soldier inspects car at roadblock


I chose to be outraged by other sights.

  • I was outraged to see that there are Israelis who conduct their routine lives in a shadow of a constant threat of being murdered.
  • I was outraged to see that a Jewish village must be surrounded by a security fence to prevent its civilians from being slaughtered.
  • I was outraged when I suddenly realized that I have to lay in ambush in the mud outside of a Jewish town on Passover Eve, to ensure that the local Arabs won’t butcher their Jewish neighbors. It is known that Jewish festivals are prime time for Arab terrorist organizations to scalp a few Jews.
  • I was outraged to see that Jews can’t take a stroll in the valley right below their homes, and that it is forbidden for them to visit the Arab towns surrounding them because they won’t make it out alive; their freedom of movement is limited; at certain hours, they can’t leave their town at all, and they are constantly under threat of being stoned, shot and publicly lynched.

For years, I was lied to and told that the Jewish presence in Yesha is an obstacle to peace. All sorts of odd and twisted reasoning is offered to explain away the murderous terrorism.

We are not told that Arabs butchered the Jewish community of Hevron in 1929, a full 38 years before the Israeli conquest of Judea and Samaria.

We are not told that between 1949 and the Kadesh Operation of 1956, some 300 Jewish civilians were murdered by “Palestinian” terrorist operations.

We are not told that the Palestine Liberation Organization was established in 1964, three years before the West Bank was conquered under the command of Chief of Staff Yitzhak Rabin, of blessed memory.

Furthermore, each time we concede territory to the Palestinians,  they use them to create terrorist infrastructures. The most recent example – Israel’s retreat from Gush Katif – demonstrates this in the most vivid way.

Kassam rocket attack on Israeli home

The Palestinians don’t hate Israel because of an IDF soldier at a roadblock. That’s my opinion. They derive their hatred of Israel from the TV broadcasts of Hamas and the Palestinian Authority which compare Jews to apes and pigs who are to be slaughtered.

They derive their hatred of Israel from the incitement in the mosques and schools, and from the pictures of martyrs which decorate every wall and plaza throughout all of Judea and Samaria. They nurture their motivation to hate from Palestinian cultural heroes like mass murderers Yasser Arafat and Marwan Barghouti. They are inspired by the fact that town plazas and soccer stadiums are named after terrorists.

Years of incitement against and de-humanization of Israel has taken its toll on Arab society.

Unfortunately, a clear and simple formula became very apparent: without an Israeli presence in Judea and Samaria, we would be witness to a mass slaughter of Jews by Arabs that would make the 1929 riots look like a child’s game.

Undoubtedly, IDF soldiers serve in complex and difficult situations in Judea and Samaria. My friends and I, who were called up for reserve duty in the territories, didn’t come to see blood at all, or insult or trample the honor of the Palestinians. Quite to the contrary, all of us, regardless of political orientation, were educated on Zionist values, tolerance, and a yearning for peace.

Just normal guys defending the Jewish State

If we put aside for a moment the political differences, there is a feeling of pride to serve in Judea and Samaria. Because of my comrades and I, civilians in the region celebrated Passover without being murdered.

5 members of the Fogel family murdered on a Friday night in Itamar


I am proud that at my roadblock, we prevented an explosions belt and an Arab with a long knife from passing through. My unit prevented blocks and rocks from being hurled at Jewish motorists.

In summary, I am proud to have fulfilled these duties, thereby preventing murder and harm to human beings.

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